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Archery, Georgia

Archery, Georgia

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Archery, Georgia
Unincorporated community
Archery, Georgia
Location in Georgia (US state)
Archery, Georgia
Location in United States
Coordinates: 32°01′33″N 84°26′01″W / 32.02583°N 84.43361°W / 32.02583; -84.43361Coordinates: 32°01′33″N 84°26′01″W / 32.02583°N 84.43361°W / 32.02583; -84.43361
Country United States
State Georgia
County Webster
Elevation 476 ft (145 m)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 31880
Area code(s) 229
GNIS feature ID 326158[1]

Archery is an unincorporated community in Webster County, in the U.S. state of Georgia.[1] The community lies about 3 miles (4.8 km) from Plains.[2]

James Earl Carter Jr., 39th President of the United States, grew up on what now is known as the "Jimmy Carter Boyhood Farm", a property currently maintained as part of the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site.[3]

History

Jimmy Carter in 1937

Archery was laid out in 1913.[4] The community was named by William D. Johnson, an A.M.E. bishop, after the "Sublime Order of Archery", an A.M.E. social service organization benefiting poor blacks.[5] The historic railroad community was originally built up chiefly by African Americans, who then formed a majority of its population.[6] A large share of the residents engaged in sharecropping.[7] Archery was first electrified in 1938.[8] Amenities in the community included a train depot, schoolhouse, and country store.[5]

U.S. President Jimmy Carter grew up at Archery on his family's farm from age four, in 1928, until he left for college in 1941.[3] In Carter's time, the population consisted of approximately 25 black families and 2 white families, namely the Watsons and Carters.[5] President Carter recalled in 1976 that Bishop Johnson was "the best-educated, most famous, the most widely traveled, and the richest member of the community".[9] The Carter family remained at Archery until 1949; ownership of the Carter property was transferred to the National Park Service in 1994.[10]

Arts and culture

The Jimmy Carter Boyhood Farm, open to visitors, has been restored to its original rustic appearance.[11] SAM Shortline Railway, a heritage railway open to the public, makes a stop on its route at the Archery Depot in order to allow visitors to lead a self-guided tour.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. September 25, 1979. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Timeline". Jimmy Carter NHS Education Program. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b "Jimmy Carter National Historic Site". National Park Service. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-915430-00-2. 
  5. ^ a b c "Archery". Historic Markers Across Georgia. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  6. ^ "Trading Cards". National Park Service. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Jimmy Carter National Historic Site". National Park Planner. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  8. ^ Balmer, Randall (May 13, 2014). Redeemer: The Life of Jimmy Carter. Basic Books. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-465-05695-8. 
  9. ^ Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. September 23, 1976. p. 23. 
  10. ^ "Jimmy Carter Boyhood Home and Farm". Society of Architectural Historians. Retrieved April 1, 2018. 
  11. ^ Lambert, Marjie (November 20, 2012). "Georgia rail excursion is built around the Jimmy Carter National Historic Site". Miami Herald. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Archery Depot". SAM Shortline Railroad. Retrieved March 31, 2018. 


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