Jumptonavigation Jumptosearch VáclavKlausInCzechpolitics,KlausismreferstothepoliticalpositionsofVáclavKlaus,formerprimeministerandpresidentoftheCze..">

Klausism

Klausism

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Václav Klaus

In Czech politics, Klausism refers to the political positions of Václav Klaus, former prime minister and president of the Czech Republic. It was first used by Mirek Topolánek, who designated Klausism as the ideology of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS).[1][2][3] This term was also used by Jan Kasl.[4] Klaus does not take issue with the term.[5] The current usage of the term "Klausism" has become distanced from Klaus himself, leading to the phrase "Klausism without Klaus."[5][6] Though Klausism primarily refers to the political ideology, it is also frequently used as a label for the neologisms invented by Klaus.

Klaus himself used the term "Mental Scheme of ODS", which he allegedly invented by chance.[2][3] This term was also used by Jan Kasl.[4][7]

Political positions

Klaus is known for his Euroscepticism, global warming denial, opposition to homosexuality and immigration, and support of free market capitalism.[8][9] Klaus's stances are often described as liberal conservative combined with national liberalism and Czech nationalism. Jan Pauer described Klaus's political ideology as a combination of "Friedmanite monetarism, Thatcherite economic libertarianism, Czech national conservatism and leadership pragmatism." Klaus described himself as liberal, conservative, and pragmatic.[10]

Bohumil Doležal believes that Klausism is about "fighting against isms," including environmentalism, human rights-ism, pro-Europeanism, NGOism or homosexualism. It is opposition to trends in western politics. Doležal described it as "fight against democracy un-chained." Klausism is, according to Doležal, a fight for realistic policies that solve problems and do not serve dogmatic ideologies. Doležal stated that Klausism itself became one of these Isms.[11]

In 2011, Ekonom Magazine likened Klausism to Gaullism, asserting that the two were very similar. Both ideologies support the strong position of the president, but in the case of Klaus it is informal and balancing at the edge of the Czech constitution.[12]

Klausism without Klaus

Klausism without Klaus was a term coined by Mirek Topolánek following conflicts between Václav Klaus and ODS. Bohumil Doležal likened it to "Socialism with a human face".[11] It is often characterised as support for Klaus's ideas but not Klaus himself.[13] Topolánek wanted to retain the positive elements of Klaus' legacy and leave out the negatives. Klausism without Klaus was represented by Petr Nečas, Miroslava Němcová and Tomáš Chalupa. Klausism without Klaus supports economic liberalism, political responsibility, a small state, opposition to other ideologies and the rule of common sense.[14]

Poděbrady Articles

The term "Mental scheme of ODS" was formulated into the Poděbrady Articles in 1998,[15] proclaiming the four principles that ODS supports, including protection of privacy, a small state, a future without debts, and solidarity of responsibilities.[16]

Parties linked with Klausism

Neologisms

The term Klausism is also used for neologisms coined by Václav Klaus. Klaus is noted for his use of language and often invents new words to describe things he opposes. For example, Klaus invented the word "Havlism", which subsequently entered wider use. Klaus also expressed opposition to "homosexualism". Other widely used Klausisms are Opposition Agreement or Sarajevo atentate.[22]

Criticism

Klausism has many critics. Jiří Pehe called Klausism deviant, and its own worst enemy, noting Klausism's opposition to modern isms, a category to which Pehe believes it belongs.[23] Pehe believes that Klausism is not what Klaus says but what he did when he was in power. He considers Klaus to be very politically flexible and ignorant of other opinions.[24] Pehe suggested that Klausism would be doom for ODS.[25]

The leader of the Czech Green Party Ondřej Liška described Klausism as dangerous for democracy. He called Klausism an "ideology of arbitrariness that threatens democracy", comparing it to communism due to its, in his opinion, lack of principles.[26][27]

References

  1. ^ Schoulová, Petra (16 December 2002). "MIrek Topolánek: Nezměníme ideologii, máme klausismus". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Jiří Pehe » Homosexualismus a klausismus". Aktuálně.cz - Víte, co se právě děje (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "ODS does not need new ideology, it has its Klausism - Topolanek". Access Library. Europe Intelligence Wire. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Česká redakce". www.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 19 December 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Vyprázdněná politika je příležitost pro "havlismus", říká Václav Klaus". iDNES.cz. 16 November 2009. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  6. ^ "Fischer in HN: Klaus's intellectual legacy to affect society | Prague…". archive.is. 29 May 2012. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Klaus, Václav. "Komu překáží myšlenkové schéma ODS? | Václav Klaus". www.klaus.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Radio Prague - A decade with President Václav Klaus". Radio.cz. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Karel Hvížďala » Nebojme se Klause, ale klausismu". Aktuálně.cz - Víte, co se právě děje (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  10. ^ Nagle, John D.; Mahr, Alison (1999). Democracy and democratization : post-communist Europe in comparative perspective. London: Sage. p. 188. ISBN 0-7619-5679-4. Archived from the original on 2017-03-12. 
  11. ^ a b Doležal, Bohumil (17 August 2011). "Čas falešných proroků". Lidovky.cz. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  12. ^ Břešťan, Robert (28 April 2011). "Klausismus podle vzoru gaullismus". Týdeník Ekonom (in Czech). Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  13. ^ Doležal, Bohumil. "Návrat Václava Klause se odkládá - Přítomnost.cz". www.pritomnost.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  14. ^ televize, Česká. "Děti roztomilého dinosaura". ČT24 (in Czech). Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  15. ^ "Pětadvacet let ODS a této země". Tyden.cz. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  16. ^ "Čtyři poděbradské artikuly" (PDF). ODS.cz. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  17. ^ Kopecký, Josef (16 December 2002). "Nezměníme ideologii, máme klausismus". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  18. ^ "Klaus se vrátí, tvrdí Bobošíková. Strana se má jmenovat SUPR". Novinky.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  19. ^ Bartoníček, Radek (5 May 2016). "Klaus a Valenta si notovali. Fandím lidem jako on, řekl exprezident". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  20. ^ Bek, Lukáš (8 January 2009). "Novou stranu zakládají Klausovi nejbližší spolupracovníci". Novinky.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017. 
  21. ^ "O.K., všichni jste středoleví!". A2larm (in Czech). Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  22. ^ "Nový klausismus - spokojování. Podle expertky je prezident kreativní | Domov". Lidovky.cz. 19 November 2012. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "Jiří Pehe » Homosexualismus a klausismus". Aktuálně.cz - Víte, co se právě děje (in Czech). Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  24. ^ a.s., Internet servis,. "Neviditelný pes". archiv.neviditelnypes.lidovky.cz. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  25. ^ "Jiří Pehe: Smutné výročí Občanské demokratické strany". Rozhlas.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  26. ^ "Liška (SZ): Klausismus jako ohrožení demokracie". Parlamentní Listy. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  27. ^ "Liška varuje před nebezpečím klausismu | EuroZprávy.cz". Eurozprávy. Archived from the original on 3 April 2017. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 


Related Blogs

Loading ...