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The centre of Kotka
Location of Kotka in Finland
|• City manager||Henry Lindelöf|
|• Total||949.77 km2 (366.71 sq mi)|
|• Land||271.29 km2 (104.75 sq mi)|
|• Water||678.45 km2 (261.95 sq mi)|
|Area rank||239th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||19th largest in Finland|
|• Density||198.05/km2 (512.9/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||94.4% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.8%|
|• 15 to 64||65.5%|
|• 65 or older||19.6%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||19.5%|
Kotka is located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland at the mouth of Kymi River and it is part of the Kymenlaakso region in southern Finland. The city has a population of 53,730 (31 August 2017) and covers an area of 949.77 square kilometres (366.71 sq mi) of which 678.45 km2 (261.95 sq mi) is water. The population density is 198.05 inhabitants per square kilometre (512.9/sq mi). The city centre of Kotka is located at Kotkansaari island.
The Port of Kotka is a major Finnish sea port that serves the foreign trade of both Finland and Russia.
The municipality is officially unilingually Finnish.
The Second All-Russian Conference of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party was held in Kotka, on July 21–23 (August 3–5), 1907.
Historically, Swedish was the official language in the city until 1902. From 1902 until 1906, the city was officially bilingual. Kotka has a Swedish speaking minority (see: Swedish-speaking population of Finland), which in the 1890s accounted for 16% of the city population and 3% in the 1950s. Today around 1% of the city's population are Swedish speakers. There is one school in Kotka where Swedish is the language of instruction, Kotka Svenska Samskola, which was founded in 1885.
Kotka region was one of the first heavily industrialized regions of Finland. Paper and pulp mills of Kotkamills and Stora Enso still remain important employers. In the last decades several factories have undergone restructuring which has led to an increasing unemployment. Since the 1980s the population of Kotka has been slowly decreasing, mostly due to domestic migration to Helsinki region.
The local football team is KTP. Founded in 1927, KTP has long, and successful football history. KTP won the Finnish football championship in 1951 and 1952, and Finnish Cup 4 times, in years 1958, 1961, 1967, and 1980. Currently the club plays in the Finnish second league Ykkönen.
Steam locomotive VR Class Sk1 146 at Kotka railway station
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Media related to Kotka at Wikimedia Commons