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List of most expensive association football transfers

List of most expensive association football transfers

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_most_expensive_association_football_transfers
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Neymar, currently the most expensive footballer

The following is a list of most expensive football association transfers, which details the highest transfer fees ever paid for players as of the summer transfer window of 2017.

As well as the most expensive transfers of all time, the page also lists transfers which broke the world transfer record. The first recorded record transfer was of Willie Groves from West Bromwich Albion to Aston Villa for £100 in 1893. This occurred just eight years after the introduction of professionalism by The FA in 1885.[1] The current transfer record was set by the transfer of Neymar from Barcelona to Paris Saint-Germain for €222 million (£200 million) in August 2017.[2][3]

Highest fees

Most of the highest-value transfers on this list are to clubs under UEFA's jurisdiction, and most of the purchasing clubs are from England, Spain, Italy and France. However, in the mid 2010s a few Chinese teams have made expensive purchases.

The default order in this table is based on the transfer amount in euros. Due to exchange rate fluctuations the order is different in pound sterling, which are also shown in the table. Transfers that took place before the adoption of the euro are given in their approximate euro equivalent. The list includes only the top fifty disclosed transfer fees.

Three players appear on the list twice: Neymar, James Rodríguez and Ángel Di María. All of the players on the list are of either European (UEFA) or South American (CONMEBOL) origin. There are no players from the remaining regions, namely Africa (CAF), Asia (AFC), North America (CONCACAF) and Oceania (OFC).

As of 16 August 2017; during the 2017 summer transfer window.

  Fee broke the world football transfer record at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the national club record at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the record for a South American player at the time of the transfer
  Fee broke the record for a teenager at the time of the transfer
Top 50 transfers
R Player From To Position Fee
(M £)
Fee
(M )
Year Year of birth Ref.
1 Neymar Barcelona Paris Saint-Germain Forward £200 €222 2017 1992 [2][4][5]
2 Pogba, PaulPaul Pogba Juventus Manchester United Midfielder £89 €105[a] 2016 1993 [6][7][8][9]
3 Bale, GarethGareth Bale Tottenham Hotspur Real Madrid Forward £86 €100 2013 1989 [10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
4 Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo Manchester United Real Madrid Forward £80 €94 2009 1985 [18][19][20]
5 Higuaín, GonzaloGonzalo Higuaín Napoli Juventus Striker £75.3 €90 2016 1987 [21][22][23]
6 Lukaku, RomeluRomelu Lukaku Everton Manchester United Striker £75[b] €85 2017 1993 [24][25][26][27]
7 Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez Liverpool Barcelona Striker £75 €82.3 2014 1987 [28][29]
8 Rodríguez, JamesJames Rodríguez Monaco Real Madrid Midfielder £63 €79.8 2014 1991 [30][31][32][33]
9 Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane Juventus Real Madrid Midfielder £46.6 €77.5[c] 2001 1972 [35][36][37]
10 Di María, ÁngelÁngel Di María Real Madrid Manchester United Midfielder £59.7 €75.6 2014 1988 [38][39]
11 De Bruyne, KevinKevin De Bruyne Wolfsburg Manchester City Midfielder £55 €74 2015 1991 [40][41]
12 Oscar Chelsea Shanghai SIPG Midielder £60[d] €70 2017 1991 [42][43][44]
13 Ibrahimović, ZlatanZlatan Ibrahimović Internazionale Barcelona Striker £56 €69.5[e] 2009 1981 [45][46][47][48]
14 Kaká Milan Real Madrid Midfielder £56 €67[f] 2009 1982 [49][50][51][52][53]
15 Morata, ÁlvaroÁlvaro Morata Real Madrid Chelsea Striker £58[g] €65.5 2017 1992 [54][55]
16 Cavani, EdinsonEdinson Cavani Napoli Paris Saint-Germain Striker £55 €64.5 2013 1987 [56][57][58][59]
17 Di María, ÁngelÁngel Di María Manchester United Paris Saint-Germain Midfielder £45 €64 2015 1988 [60][61][62]
18 Sterling, RaheemRaheem Sterling Liverpool Manchester City Forward £44[h] €62.5 2015 1994 [63][64]
19 Figo, LuísLuís Figo Barcelona Real Madrid Midfielder £37 €62 2000 1972 [65][66]
20 Falcao, RadamelRadamel Falcao Atlético Madrid Monaco Striker £51 €60[i] 2013 1986 [67][68]
21 Torres, FernandoFernando Torres Liverpool Chelsea Striker £50 €59 2011 1984 [69][70]
22 Crespo, HernánHernán Crespo Parma Lazio Striker £35[j] €58.5 2000 1975 [71][72]
23 Mendy, BenjaminBenjamin Mendy Monaco Manchester City Defender £52 €58.1 2017 1994 [citation needed]
24 Neymar Santos Barcelona Forward £48.6 €57.1[k] 2013 1992 [73][74][75][76]
25 Walker, KyleKyle Walker Tottenham Hotspur Manchester City Defender £50[l] €57 2017 1990 [77][78]
26 David Luiz Chelsea Paris Saint-Germain Defender £50[m] €56 2014 1987 [79][80][81]
27 Hulk Zenit Saint Petersburg Shanghai SIPG Forward £46.4 €55.8 2016 1986 [82][83]
28 Stones, JohnJohn Stones Everton Manchester City Defender £47.5 €55.6 2016 1994 [84][85][86][87]
29 Lacazette, AlexandreAlexandre Lacazette Lyon Arsenal Striker £46.5 €53[n] 2017 1991 [88][89]
30 Buffon, GianluigiGianluigi Buffon Parma Juventus Goalkeeper £33 €52[o] 2001 1978 [90]
31 Martial, AnthonyAnthony Martial Monaco Manchester United Forward £36[p] €51 2015 1995 [91][92][93]
32 Sigurðsson, GylfiGylfi Sigurðsson Swansea City Everton Midfielder £45 €50 2017 1989 [94]
33 Silva, BernardoBernardo Silva Monaco Manchester City Midfielder £43 €49.5 2017 1994 [95][96]
Teixeira, AlexAlex Teixeira Shakhtar Donetsk Jiangsu Suning Midfielder £42.5 €49.5 2016 1988 [97][98]
Özil, MesutMesut Özil Real Madrid Arsenal Midfielder £42.5 €49.5 2013 1988 [99][100][101]
36 Vieri, ChristianChristian Vieri Lazio Internazionale Striker £32.1 €49[q] 1999 1973 [102][103]
37 Mendieta, GaizkaGaizka Mendieta Valencia Lazio Midfielder £31 €48 2001 1972 [104][105]
38 Ferdinand, RioRio Ferdinand Leeds United Manchester United Defender £30 €47 2002 1978 [106][107]
39 Benteke, ChristianChristian Benteke Aston Villa Liverpool Striker £32.5 €46.3 2015 1990 [108][109]
40 Mata, JuanJuan Mata Chelsea Manchester United Midfielder £37.1 €46 2014 1988 [110][111]
Ronaldo Internazionale Real Madrid Striker £29 €46 2002 1976 [112][113]
42 Tiémoué Bakayoko Monaco Chelsea Midfielder £40 €45 2017 1993 [114]
Vinícius Júnior Flamengo Real Madrid Forward £39.6 €45 2018 2000 [115]
Rodríguez, JamesJames Rodríguez Porto Monaco Midfielder £38.3 €45 2013 1991 [116][117]
Lucas Moura São Paulo Paris Saint-Germain Forward £38.3 €45 2013 1992 [118][119]
Agüero, SergioSergio Agüero Atlético Madrid Manchester City Striker £38 €45 2011 1988 [120][121][122][123]
Verón, Juan SebastiánJuan Sebastián Verón Lazio Manchester United Midfielder £28.1 €45 2001 1975 [124][125]
48 Matić, NemanjaNemanja Matić Chelsea Manchester United Midfielder £40 €44.7 2017 1988 [126][127]
49 Costa, RuiRui Costa Fiorentina Milan Midfielder £30 €43.9[r] 2001 1972 [128][129][130]
50 Sané, LeroyLeroy Sané Schalke Manchester City Forward £37 €43.8 2016 1996 [131][132][133]
Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko Milan Chelsea Striker £30.8 €43.8 2006 1976 [134][135][136]

Notes

  1. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial €105 million, plus another €5 million in additional bonuses; Pogba's agent Mino Raiola also received a reported €27m from Juventus, from a portion of aforementioned transfer fee from Manchester United.
  2. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial £75 million, plus another £15 million in additional bonuses.
  3. ^ fee originally in 150 billion lire; the fixed exchange rate between euro and lire was 1:1936.27. The fee was paid in 4 annual installments;[34] on accounting purpose, the fee was listed as approx. €75m[34]
  4. ^ Estimated figure. The transfer fee has not been disclosed.
  5. ^ Initial transfer fee for Ibrahimović is indeterminable. According to Barcelona's press release, Ibrahimović signed a 5-year contract, for €46 million fee in installments and the exchange of Eto'o (valued at €20 million) and the loan of Alexander Hleb (with an option to buy for a €10 million fee), with a €250 million release clause, making Ibrahimović worth €66 million plus the undisclosed loan fee of Hleb. However, the Hleb deal collapsed. Eventually Ibrahimović cost Barcelona €69.884 million according to their financial report, which included other fees. As per the Inter book the fee was €69.5 million, but part of the Inter fee (max. 5% according to FIFA regulation) were deducted and distributed by Barcelona to youth clubs of Ibrahimović: Malmö FF and AFC Ajax as solidarity contribution.
  6. ^ The fee broke the world record in pound sterling, but not in euro; as the fee was paid in installments, the accountant that prepared the financial report, adjusted the value to €66.073 million as the present value to reflect the loss in interests
  7. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial £58 million, plus another £12 million in additional bonuses.
  8. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial £44 million, plus another £5 million in additional bonuses.
  9. ^ Estimated figure. The transfer fee has not been disclosed.
  10. ^ Lazio broke the then-world transfer record by paying £35 million (£16 million upfront and transferred Matías Almeyda and Sérgio Conceição) to acquire Crespo. The total transfer fee later amounted to £40 million.
  11. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial €57.1 million, plus another €2 million in additional bonuses. Neymar received a €10 million signing bonus. Neymar's agent also received €4 million.
  12. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial £50 million (€57m), plus another £3 million in additional bonuses.
  13. ^ Estimated figure. The transfer fee has not been disclosed.
  14. ^ Fee was to be paid over time with an initial €53 million (£46.5m), plus another €7 million (£6.1m) in additional bonuses.
  15. ^ Part of the fees was paid via the transfer of Jonathan Bachini to Parma for a total of 100 billion lire; the fixed exchange rate of lira to euro was 1936.27 lire to 1 euro.
  16. ^ Manchester United paid £36 million up front for Martial, but his contract contains three bonus clauses worth £7.2 million each, taking the potential fee to £57.6 million. The clauses each relate to certain accomplishments being achieved in the next four years, including if Martial scores 25 goals during that span, racks up 25 caps for France or wins the Ballon d'Or before June 2019.
  17. ^ An indeterminate size of the fee was paid via the transfer of Diego Simeone to Lazio that totaled €45 million.
  18. ^ Fee originally in 85 billion lire; the fixed exchange rate between euro and lire was 1:1936.27

World football transfer record

The first player to ever be transferred for a fee of over £100 was Scottish striker Willie Groves when he together with Jack Reynolds (£50) made the switch from West Bromwich Albion to Aston Villa in 1893,[137] eight years after the legalisation of professionalism in the sport. It took just twelve years for the figure to become £1000, when Sunderland striker Alf Common moved to Middlesbrough.[138][139]

It was not until 1928 that the first five-figure transfer took place. David Jack of Bolton Wanderers was the subject of interest from Arsenal, and in order to negotiate the fee down, Arsenal manager Herbert Chapman got the Bolton representatives drunk.[140][141] Subsequently, David Jack was transferred for a world record fee when Arsenal paid £10,890 to Bolton for his services, after Bolton had asked for £13,000, which was double the previous record made when Sunderland signed Burnley's Bob Kelly a fee of for £6,500.[139]

Diego Maradona, David Jack and Ronaldo are the only players to twice be transferred for world record fees.

The first player from outside Great Britain to break the record was Bernabé Ferreyra, a player known as La Fiera for his powerful shot. His 1932 transfer from Tigre to River Plate cost £23k,[141] and the record would last for 17 years (the longest the record has lasted) until it was broken by Manchester United's sale of Johnny Morris to Derby County for £24k in March 1949. The record was broken seven further times between 1949 and 1961, when Luis Suárez Miramontes was sold by FC Barcelona to Inter Milan for £152k, becoming the first ever player sold for more than £100k.[139]

In 1968, Pietro Anastasi became the first £500k player when Juventus purchased him from Varese,[141] which was followed seven years later with Giuseppe Savoldi becoming the first million pound player when he transferred from Bologna to Napoli.[139][141]

The second player to twice be transferred for world record fees is Diego Maradona.[139][141] His transfers from Boca Juniors to Barcelona for £3m, and then to Napoli for £5m, both broke the record in 1982 and 1984 respectively. The third became Ronaldo with his record-breaking move from PSV Eindhoven to Barcelona in 1996 for £13.2m, although Alan Shearer's transfer to Newcastle broke the record the same summer. A year later Inter Milan paid £19.5m for Ronaldo and again he became the player with the highest transfer fee.

In the space of 61 days in 1992,[141] three transfers broke the record,[139] all by Italian clubs: Jean-Pierre Papin transferred from Marseille to A.C. Milan, becoming the first ever £10m player.[141] Almost immediately, rivals Juventus topped that with the signing of Gianluca Vialli for a fee of £12m from Sampdoria. Milan then completed the signing of Gianluigi Lentini for a fee of £13m which stood as the record for three years.

The 1996 transfer of Alan Shearer from Blackburn Rovers to Newcastle United, for a fee of £15m,[142] kickstarted a year-by-year succession of record breaking transfers: Ronaldo moved the following year to Inter Milan from FC Barcelona for a fee of £17m,[143] which was followed in 1998 by the shock transfer of his fellow countryman Denílson from São Paulo to Real Betis for a fee of approximately £21m.[139][141][144]

In 1999 and 2000, Italian clubs returned to their record-breaking ways, with Christian Vieri transferring from Lazio to Inter Milan for £28m,[145] while Hernán Crespo's transfer from Parma to Lazio ensured he became the first player to cost more than £30m.[139][146] The transfer prompted the BBC to ask "has the world gone mad"?[147] It took two weeks for the record to be broken when Luís Figo made a controversial £37m move from Barcelona to rivals Real Madrid.[139][148] A year later, Real increased the record again with a singing of Zinedine Zidane for £48 million.[149]

Zidane's record stood for 8 years, the longest since the 1940s. Real Madrid continued with the Galácticos policy by buying Kaká from Milan for a record-breaking sum of £56 million,[150] and after not so long they broke their own record when signing Cristiano Ronaldo for £80m (€94m)from Manchester United in 2009,[139][151] 4 years later Real Madrid broke the record again after completed the signing of Gareth Bale from Tottenham Hotspur in 2013. Although Real initially insisted that the transfer cost €91.59 million, slightly less than the Ronaldo fee, the deal was widely reported to be around €100 million (around £85.1 million).[152][153] Documents released in 2013 revealed that installments brought the final Bale fee up to a total of €100,759,418[139][154]. In 2016, Manchester United eventually took the record away from Real Madrid, signing French midfielder Paul Pogba for €105 million (£89 million), [155] four years after having sold him for £1.5 million to Juventus.

A year after the Pogba transfer, however, there was a major jump in the record fee. Paris St. Germain matched the €222 million buyout fee of Barcelona's Neymar, converted to a reported £198 million[156][157] or £200 million[2][5] by different sources. This was the first time that the record fee was paid by a French club.

Historical progression

Comparison of fees in different nations is complicated by varying exchange rates. This table uses British Pound Sterling prior to 1999 and Euro for transfers since then.

[178][179]

Year Player Selling club Buying club Fee (£) Fee (€) Fee (UK£, after adjusted inflation) Percentage change from last record (+ %) Percentage change from last record (including inflation) (+/- with %)
1893 Willie Groves West Bromwich Albion Aston Villa ~100[137] 10,003 N/A N/A
1903 Ben Green Barnsley Small Heath 500[158] 48,421 400 384.06%
1904 Andy McCombie Sunderland Newcastle United 700[159] 68,018 40 40.47%
1905 Alf Common Sunderland Middlesbrough 1,000[160] 96,843 42.86 42.38%
1913 Daniel Shea West Ham United Blackburn Rovers 2,000[161] 177,483 100 83.27%
1913 Tommy Barber Bolton Wanderers Aston Villa 2,000[162] 177,483 0 0.00%
1914 Percy Dawson Heart of Midlothian Blackburn Rovers 2,500[163] 216,374 25 21.91%
1920 David Jack Plymouth Argyle Bolton Wanderers 3,500[164] 126,787 40 −41.40%
1922 Syd Puddefoot West Ham United Falkirk 5,000[165] 246,231 42.86 94.21%
1922 Warney Cresswell South Shields Sunderland 5,500[166] 270,854 10 10.00%
1925 Bob Kelly Burnley Sunderland 6,500[167] 334,339 18.18 23.44%
1928 David Jack Bolton Wanderers Arsenal 10,890[166] 591,734 67.54 76.99%
1932 Bernabé Ferreyra Tigre River Plate 23,000[166] 1,439,897 111.2 143.34%
1949 Johnny Morris Manchester United Derby County 24,000[167] 764,707 4.35 −46.89%
1949 Eddie Quigley Sheffield Wednesday Preston North End 26,500[167] 844,363 10.42 10.42%
1950 Trevor Ford Aston Villa Sunderland 30,000[167] 927,018 13.21 9.79%
1951 Jackie Sewell Notts County Sheffield Wednesday 34,500[167] 977,275 15 5.42%
1952 Hans Jeppson Atalanta Napoli 52,000[166] 1,349,363 50.72 38.07%
1954 Juan Schiaffino Peñarol Milan 72,000[166] 1,777,783 38.46 31.75%
1957 Enrique Omar Sivori River Plate Juventus 93,000[166] 2,022,112 29.17 13.74%
1961 Luis Suárez Barcelona Internazionale 152,000[166] 3,051,347 63.44 50.90%
1963 Angelo Sormani Mantova Roma 250,000[166] 4,721,133 64.47 54.72%
1967 Harald Nielsen Bologna Internazionale 300,000[168] 4,910,674 20 4.01%
1968 Pietro Anastasi Varese Juventus 500,000[166] 7,820,235 66.67 59.25%
1973 Johan Cruyff Ajax Barcelona 922,000[166] 10,055,731 84.4 28.59%
1975 Giuseppe Savoldi Bologna Napoli 1,200,000[166] 9,077,920 30.15 −9.72%
1976 Paolo Rossi Juventus Vicenza 1,750,000[166] 11,359,184 45.83 25.13%
1982 Diego Maradona Boca Juniors Barcelona 3,000,000[166] 9,548,044 71.43 −15.94%
1984 Diego Maradona Barcelona Napoli 5,000,000[166] 14,493,244 66.67 51.79%
1987 Ruud Gullit PSV Eindhoven Milan 6,000,000[166] 15,220,148 20 5.02%
1990 Roberto Baggio Fiorentina Juventus 8,000,000[166] 16,397,930 33.33 7.74%
1992 Jean-Pierre Papin Marseille Milan 10,000,000[166] 18,662,944 25 13.81%
1992 Gianluca Vialli Sampdoria Juventus 12,000,000[166] 22,395,532 20 20.00%
1992 Gianluigi Lentini Torino Milan 13,000,000[166] 24,261,827 8.33 8.33%
1996 Ronaldo PSV Eindhoven Barcelona 13,200,000[166] 22,344,943 1.54 −7.90%
1996 Alan Shearer Blackburn Rovers Newcastle United 15,000,000[169] 25,391,980 13.64 13.64%
1997 Ronaldo Barcelona Internazionale 19,500,000[166] 32,005,465 30 26.05%
1998 Denílson São Paulo Real Betis 21,500,000[170][171] 34,118,507 10.26 6.60%
1999 Christian Vieri Lazio Internazionale 32,100,000[172] 49,000,000 50,166,554 49.3 47.04%
2000 Hernán Crespo Parma Lazio 35,500,000[172] 55,000,000 53,886,592 10.59 7.42%
2000 Luís Figo Barcelona Real Madrid 37,000,000[172] 62,000,000 56,163,490 4.23 4.23%
2001 Zinedine Zidane Juventus Real Madrid 46,600,000[172][37] 77,500,000 68,608,983 25.95 22.16%
2009 Kaká Milan Real Madrid 56,000,000 [173] 65,000,000 67,740,849 20.17 −1.28%
2009 Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United Real Madrid 80,000,000 [174][175] 94,000,000 96,772,641 42.86 42.86%
2013 Gareth Bale Tottenham Hotspur Real Madrid 86,000,000[176][177] 100,800,000 88,890,498 7.5 −8.15%
2016 Paul Pogba Juventus Manchester United 89,000,000[180][181] 105,000,000 89,000,000 3.49 0.12%
2017 Neymar Barcelona Paris Saint-Germain 200,000,000[2][5] 222,000,000[2][5] 200,000,000 124.72 128.04%

Number of records by country

Country Player records Record selling Record buying
England 14 17 16
Italy 8 14 18
Argentina 5 3 1
Brazil 5 1 0
France 3 1 1
Scotland 2 1 1
Netherlands 2 3 0
Wales 2 0 0
Portugal 2 0 0
Spain 1 5 9
Uruguay 1 1 0
Denmark 1 0 0
Sweden 1 0 0

Gallery

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