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Pelendri

Pelendri

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Pelendri
Πελένδρι
Pelentri or Pelendria
Pelendri village
Pelendri
Location in Cyprus
Coordinates: 34°53′45″N 32°57′54″E / 34.89583°N 32.96500°E / 34.89583; 32.96500Coordinates: 34°53′45″N 32°57′54″E / 34.89583°N 32.96500°E / 34.89583; 32.96500
Country  Cyprus
District Limassol District
Population (2001)[1]
 • Total 1,185
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Website www.pelendri.org

Pelendri (Greek: Πελένδρι, Turkish: Pelendri) is a village in the Limassol District of Cyprus.

Location

Weir in Pelendri

Located below the Troodos Mountains, in the region of Pitsilia. It is located on a barren hillside, at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level, 40 kilometers from the city of Limassol. Adjacent to the Trimiklini villages Saittas, Potamitissa and Amiandos.

Physical Geography

View of "St. John Lampadistis" Church.

Geology

The terrain is rugged and mountainous with narrow deep valleys and steep slopes. Of the three sides of the village loom tall peaks that their height in many cases exceed 1000 meters.

Climate, flora and vegetation

The climate of the region combined with the relatively high annual rainfall received by the village (about 750 millimeters) favors the cultivation of various fruit trees (apple, peach, pear), vines wine varieties, olive, almond, nuts and vegetables (green beans, peas, cramps, tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, zucchini, potatoes).

However, due to the relief of the area there are several uncultivated areas which gives a rich present of the natural vegetation. Here there is a variety of plants: πεύκων, λατζιές, αντρουκλιές, τρεμιθιές, ξυσταριές, περνιές, αγριοελιές, σκλήδρους, πλατάνους, μερσινιές. Part of state forests Troodos and monastery are within the administrative boundaries of Pelendri.

History

The Pelendri was a known settlement that existed during the Middle Ages. De Our Matri this an Pelendres or Pelondres, giving the information that the 1353 was a fief of John de Lusignan, Prince of Antioch and a member of the royal family of Cyprus. The medieval chronicler George Voustronios mentions twice the village at the time. In one case mentions that around 1461, the village lived a rich (probably trader) named satin. In this case the Voustronios speaks two Prastio (farms) in Pelendri owned Ritzos what Marino and confiscated in 1474 by Catherine Cornaro. These two farms are Kardamas (Kardama) and Filagra, were dissolved during the Turkish occupation. The Filagra but refounded with the same name.

Apart from these two settlements, according to elders narratives, said that there were still 14 small villages, which have had to be abandoned and ve joined with residents of Pelendri to feel safer. As such villages reads: Poole, in which were found important archaeological objects of the era of Alexander the Great, the oven, in which there are traces of old settlement, Troumithos, in which there is a very old mine chalcopyrite, the Tzeramis, which destroyed completely destroyed by a landslide, the Rontia, the Konnara, Kaminia, the Mazokampos, the Chalazin, the Argyrou, the Deisis, the Ais Giannis Potamoulion, the Pontikia and Kountouries.

Population history

Population history of Pelendri
Census Population Comments Diagram
1881[2] 444 The census does not distinguish the inhabitants according
to their religion or nationality.
1891[3] 515 514 non-Muslims, 1 Muslim.
1901[4] 579 Only non-Muslims.
1911[5] 715 714 non-Muslims, 1 Muslim.
1921[6] 798 798 non-Muslims, 1 Muslim.
1931[7] 982 982 Christians, 1 Muslim.
1946[8] 1504 1503 Greeks Orthodox, 1 Muslim Turkish.
1960[9] 2094 Only Greeks.
1973[10] 2253 Only Greek Cypriots.
1976[11] 2218 Only Greek Cypriots.
1982[12] 1739 Only Greek Cypriots.
1992[13] 1377 Only Greek Cypriots.
2001[14] 1185 Only Greek Cypriots.
2011[1] 1074 Only Greek Cypriots.
The comments refer to the separation of the residents according to their religion or nationality as it was in the corresponding census.
Data for the diagram from wikidata.

References

  1. ^ a b "Cyprus census 2011" (in Greek language). Nicosia: Statistical Service of Cyprus. 2015-11-17. Sheet Γ1. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 
  2. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1881" (PDF) (in English language). 1884. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  3. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1891" (PDF) (in English language). June 1893. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1901" (PDF) (in English language). p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  5. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1911" (PDF) (in English language). p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  6. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1921" (PDF) (in English language). 1922. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  7. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1931" (PDF) (in English language). 1932. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  8. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1946" (PDF) (in English language). 1949. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  9. ^ "Census of Cyprus 1960" (PDF) (in English language). p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  10. ^ "History". www.pelendri.org. Archived from the original on 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2017-05-19. 
  11. ^ "Census of Housing 1976" (in Greek language). Statistical Service of Cyprus. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  12. ^ "Census of Housing 1982" (in English language). Statistical Service of Cyprus. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  13. ^ "Cyprus census 1992" (in Greek language). Statistical Service of Cyprus. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  14. ^ "Cyprus census 2001" (in Greek language). Statistical Service of Cyprus. 2002-11-18. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-05-01. 


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