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Cyprus ([Κύπρος, Kýpros] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help); Turkish: Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus ([Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakí Dimokratía] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help), Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti) is a Eurasian island country in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Anatolia and east of the island of Crete in Greece.

Cyprus is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean and one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Mediterranean, attracting over 2.4 million tourists per year.[1] A former British colony, it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1960 and became a Commonwealth republic in 1961. Since the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974 Cyprus has been divided by a Turkish military occupation of approximately one-third of the island in the north. Since 1983, the occupied territory has declared itself as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is only recognised by the Republic of Turkey. The government of the Republic of Cyprus remains the only internationally recognised government of the island. The Republic of Cyprus is a fully developed country and has been a member of the European Union since 1 May 2004.


Selected article

In 1878 as the result of the Cyprus Convention, the United Kingdom took over the government of Cyprus as a protectorate from the Ottoman Empire. The first British High Commissioner was Lieutenant-General Sir Garnet Joseph Wolseley (1833-1913).

While the Greek Cypriots had at first welcomed British rule hoping that they would gradually achieve prosperity, democracy and national liberation, they were soon disillusioned. The British imposed heavy taxes to cover the compensation which they were paying to the Sultan for having conceded Cyprus to them. Moreover, the people were not given the right to participate in the administration of the island since all powers were reserved to the High Commissioner and to London. A few years later the system was reformed and some members of the legislative Council were elected by the Cypriots, but in reality their participation was very marginal.

The British faced two major political problems on the island. The first was to contain the desire for union with Greece (enosis), after it became clear to the Greek Cypriots that it was not going to be granted. The second was the consequential problem of keeping the two communities in harmony once the Turkish Cypriots began to respond to enosis by calling for partition (taksim) as a defence against their being Hellenised and assimilation, as they saw it. The Greek Cypriots could easily claim that they had a strong case in history and they constituted between three quarters and four fifths of the population.

Selected picture

Teucer's Salamis.

Selected biography

Portrait of Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus by Gentile Bellini, at the Magyar Szépmüvészeti Múzeum, Budapest

Catherine Cornaro (Italian: Caterina) (1454 – July 10, 1510), was Queen of Cyprus from 1474 to 1489 and declared a "Daughter of the Venetian Republic" in order that Venice could claim control of Cyprus after the death of her husband, James II ("James the Bastard").

She was born in Venice in 1454 and was the daughter of a well-known and powerful family of the Republic of Venice. The Cornaro family had produced four Doges. Her family had long associations with Cyprus, especially with regards to trade and commerce. In the Episkopi area, in the Limassol District, the Cornaro family administered various sugar-mills and exported Cypriot products to Venice. Her mother's side of the family was even more grand as they were descendants of the Emperors of Trebizond. She was painted by Dürer, Titian, Bellini and Giorgione

Did you know...

...Cyprus is the legendary birthplace of the goddess of beauty and love, the beautiful Aphrodite (also known as Kypris or the Cyprian). According to Hesiod's Theogony, the goddess emerged fully grown from the sea where the severed genitals of the god Uranus were cast by his son, Kronos, causing the sea to foam (Greek: Aphros).

Related portals

There are many portal sites full of information related to Cyprus on the internet today which can be searched via the search engines, one which is useful [1] which covers the south of Cyprus.

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“Now when we had discovered Cyprus, we left it on the left hand, and sailed into Syria, and landed at Tyre: for there the ship was to unlade her burden.”
-Bible quotes.

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Cyprus topics

Here are some open WikiProject Cyprus tasks:
Culture: Cypriot literature, Culture of Cyprus
Diaspora: Cypriot Diaspora, Cypriot American, Cypriot Canadian, Cypriot Australian
Conflicts: Turkish invasion of Cyprus, EOKA, Turkish Resistance Organization (TMT)
Economy/Finance/Companies: Cyprus Airways 2012–13 Cypriot financial crisis
Geography: Troodos Mountains, Karpasia, Famagusta Bay, Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Demographics of Cyprus, Morphou Bay, Cape Apostolos Andreas, List of Cities in Cyprus
History: History of Cyprus, List of Archbishops of Cyprus, Cyprus under the Ottoman Empire
Personalities: Zeno of Citium, Stelarc, Tracey Emin, Michael Cacoyannis, Hussein Chalayan, Shaykh Nazim al-Qubrusi, Stel Pavlou, James Alexandrou, Little Natali, Archbishop Makarios III, Fazıl Küçük, Andreas G Orphanides, Anna Vissi, Leftheris Tapas, Giannos Kranidiotis, George Michael, Marcos Baghdatis, Michalis Konstantinou, Garo Yepremian, Pygmalion,Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou, Panayiotis Zavos, Peter André, Vassos Lyssarides, Mick Karn, Theo Paphitis
Politics: Northern Cyprus, Foreign relations of Cyprus, List of political parties in Cyprus, Military of Cyprus, President of Cyprus
Religion: List of Archbishops of Cyprus, Cypriot Orthodox Church, Roman Catholicism in Cyprus, Apostolos Andreas Monastery, Machairas Monastery
Miscellaneous: Cyprus wine, Cyprus College, Intercollege, Larnaca International Airport, Paphos International Airport, Cuisine of Cyprus
Cleanup: Cleanup listing, Unreferenced BLPs
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