The United States Navy (USN) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting naval operations. Its stated mission is "to maintain, train and equip combat-ready Naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas." The U.S. Navy currently has nearly 500,000 personnel on active duty or in the Navy Reserve and operates 278 ships in active service and more than 4,000 aircraft.
The U.S. Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy
, which was established during the American Revolutionary War
disbanded in 1790. The United States Constitution
, though, provided the legal basis for a seaborne military force by giving Congress
the power "to provide and maintain a navy." Depredations against American shipping by Barbary Coast corsairs
spurred Congress to employ this power in 1794 by passing the Naval Act of 1794
ordering the construction and manning of six frigates
. The U.S. Navy came into international prominence in the 20th century, especially during World War II
. Operating in both the European and Pacific theaters
, it was a part of the conflict from the onset of American military involvement from the attack on Pearl Harbor
to Japan's official surrender
aboard the USS Missouri
. The U.S. Navy had a role in the subsequent Cold War
, in which it evolved into a nuclear deterrent and crisis response force while preparing for a possible global war with the Soviet Union
The 21st-century U.S. Navy maintains a sizeable presence in the world, deploying in such areas as East Asia, Southern Europe, and the Middle East. Its ability to project force onto the littoral regions of the world, engage in forward areas during peacetime, and rapidly respond to regional crises makes it an active player in American foreign and defence policy.
The craft used by the suspected pirates floats in front of the USS Ashland
Piracy charges dismissed by judge
Original articles by Steve Szkotak, The Associated Press.
Summary: Piracy charges against six Somali's accused of attacking the USS Ashland were dismissed Tuesday after the judge ruled that the U.S. government failed to make a case for piracy. Defense attorneys had argued that the men did not seize or rob the Ashland and therefore not committed piracy. The six were accused of attacking the Ashland, which was destroyed by 25mm fire from Ashland. Seven lesser charges have not been ruled upon. The men claim only to have been ferrying refugees.
The Battle of Hampton Roads
, often called the Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack
, was a naval battle
of the American Civil War
, famous for being the first fight between two powered iron-covered warships, or "ironclads
", the USS Monitor
, an entirely new design, and the CSS Virginia
(which had been rebuilt from the burned-out hull of the USS Merrimack
, hence the multiple names). The principal confrontations took place on March 8 and March 9, 1862 off Sewell's Point
, a narrow place near the mouth of Hampton Roads
The naval battle lasted two days. The first day saw the debut of the Virginia and was fought without the Monitor. Havoc was wreaked upon the wooden Union ships and the day ended with the Confederate side at a decided advantage. However, on the second day the Monitor arrived and initiated the famous action known as the duel of the ironclads. Although the battle was inconclusive, it is significant in naval history. Prior to then, nearly all warships were made primarily of wood. After the battle, design of ships and naval warfare changed dramatically, as nations around the world raced to convert their fleets to iron, as ironclads had shown themselves to be clearly superior.
The wreck of Monitor was located off Cape Hatteras, by a team of scientists in 1973. In 1987, the site was declared a National Historic Landmark, the first shipwreck to receive this distinction.
“A ship is referred to as she because it costs so much to keep one in paint and powder” — Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz
Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) born in Derry, New Hampshire was a Rear Admiral in the US Navy and was the first American astronaut in space. Shepard is also remembered for being the only person to play golf on the Moon with a Spalding six-iron head attached to a lunar sample scoop handle. His first shot, which he duffed, only went a hundred feet, but his second shot, which he hit squarely sent the ball as he said "miles and miles."
Did you know...?
, Chaplain Corps
, Enlisted Classification
, Enlisted rate insignia
, Medical Corps
, Dental Corps
, Medal of Honor recipients
, Navy Band
, Nurse Corps
, Officer designators
, Officer insignia
, Master-at-arms (United States Navy)
, Supply Corps
, Air wings
, Aircraft Carriers
, Aircraft Squadrons
, Current Fleet
, Naval Aircraft
, Naval Observatory
, Naval Reactors
, Sealift Command ships