Russian locomotive class Kh

Russian locomotive class Kh
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Russian Railways Х Class
CER Х Class
MNR SoriA Class(ソリA)
An Х Steam Locomotive in Vladikavkaz Railway
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Baldwin Locomotive Works
Build date 1895, 1898-1900
 • Whyte 2-8-0
 • UIC Consolidation
Gauge 1,524 mm (5.000 ft)
Leading dia. 915 mm (3.002 ft)
Driver dia. 1,270 mm (50.000 in)
Length 10,443 mm (34.262 ft)
Loco weight 66,300 kg (146,200 lb)
Fuel type Coal
Boiler pressure 12 kg/cm2 (170 lbf/in2)
Cylinders Two, outside
Class Х
Number in class 235(Russian Railway)
121(China Eastern Railway)
Withdrawn 1955
Preserved Х-180
Disposition Most scrapped, one preserved

The Russian Steam Locomotive class Kh (from Russian: Х) was an early type of Russian steam locomotives. Between 1895 and 1900, 235 locomotives were built by Baldwin Locomotive Works. Some locomotives were modernized in the early 1900's, fitted with superheaters and compound cylinders. Russian Railways designated them Хп class.[1]

Engines of the Хм (Murmansk) sub-class were built and sent to Russia during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War between 1915 and 1916, and transferred to the Murmansk Railway after the war. These engines were of the same wheel arrangement as the class X, and also built in the U.S. However, they were built by H.K. Porter, Inc. rather than Baldwin and were otherwise very different from the X class[1]

In 1923, there were still 127 steam locomotives of the Х series (including the Хм) still in service. By 1940, the number was reduced to 26 engines, and the last of the class was retired in 1955.[1]

CER Х Class and MNR SoriA Class


After the Japanese established the puppet state of Manchukuo, the portions of the Russian Railway within were turned over to the new state's government on 23, March 1935.[2] Included in the transfer were 121 former Russian Х class engines which became property of the Chinese Eastern Railway subsidiary of the Manchukuo National Railway, who designated them as the class SoriA (ソリA). The last of this class was retired after the end of the World War II.

In 2005, an X Locomotive was found buried in Lalin River, Jilin Province, China. This engine, no. 180, was excavated, restored, and is on display outside the Museum of the Imperial Palace of the Manchu State, Changchun.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Translated from Russian Wikipedia:ru:Паровоз Х
  2. ^ Chinese Eastern Railway, ChinaEncyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  3. ^ Sources:

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