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Earthquake damagein Mexico City
Earthquake damage
in Mexico City

On this day

September 22: Independence Day in Mali (1960); Day of Baltic Unity in Latvia and Lithuania

François "Papa Doc" Duvalier
François "Papa Doc" Duvalier

Ouyang Xiu (d. 1072) · Charlotte Cooper (b. 1870) · Ségolène Royal (b. 1953)

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Keyhole limpet shell
Keyhole limpet shell

Today's Featured Article

The ship, c. 1984

INS Vikrant (from Sanskrit for "courageous") was a Majestic-class aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy. The ship was laid down as HMS Hercules for the British Royal Navy during World War II and launched on 22 September 1945, but construction was put on hold when the war ended. India purchased the incomplete carrier in 1957, and construction was completed in 1961. Vikrant was commissioned as the first aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy and played a key role in enforcing the naval blockade of East Pakistan during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971. In its later years, the ship underwent major refits to embark modern aircraft, before being decommissioned in January 1997. Vikrant was preserved as a museum ship in Cuffe Parade, Mumbai, until 2012. The ship was sold through an online auction in January 2014 and scrapped in November 2014 after final clearance from the Supreme Court. The Indian Navy is currently constructing its first home-built carrier, also named INS Vikrant, scheduled to be commissioned by the end of 2018. (Full article...)

Photo of the Day

Echidna catenata

Echidna catenata, also known as the chain moray, is a species of moray eel found in shallow parts of the western Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean. It is mainly nocturnal, hiding in holes and crevices in shallow water during the day. Although it may reach a maximum length of 165 cm (65 in), lengths of about 40 cm (16 in) are more common.

Photograph: Betty Wills