BMS-200475 has a EC50 of 3.75 nM against HBV. It is incorporated into the protein primer of HBV and subsequently inhibits the priming step of the reverse transcriptase. The antiviral activity of BMS-200475 is significantly less against the other RNA and DNA viruses. Entecavir is more readily phosphorylated to its active metabolites than other deoxyguanosine analogs (penciclovir, ganciclovir, lobucavir, and aciclovir) or lamivudine. The intracellular half-life of entecavir is 15 h
Daily oral treatment with BMS-200475 at doses ranging from 0.02 to 0.5 mg/kg of body weight for 1 to 3 months effectively reduces the level of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) viremia in chronically infected woodchucks
BMS 200475 is prepared in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and diluted with appropriate medium containing 2% fetal bovine serum. HepG2 2.2.15 cells are plated at a density of 5×105 cells per well on 12-well Biocoat collagen-coated plates and are maintained in a confluent state for 2 to 3 days before being overlaid with 1 mL of medium spiked with BMS 200475. Quantification of HBV was performed on day 10.
MCE has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.